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A report about the most effective strategies for eliminating lumpy skin disease (LSD) has been recently published by EFSA.
Lumpy skin disease (LSD) has recently been contained into the Balkan region showing a drop of number of diseases outbrakes by 95 percent from 2016 to 2017. The recomendation by the Standing Group of Experts to the countries in South-East Europe to collaborate with the Global Framework for the Progressive Control of Transboundary Diseases in order to draft a roadmap on a LSD exit strategy from 2018 onwards has provoked EFSA to assess the epidemiology and the effectiveness of different surveillance systems of LSD.
By using a spread epidemiological model, the report shows that only two years are sufficient to eliminate LSD virus from a territory, assuming a vaccination effectiveness of 80% and the coverage of 90% of herds, while 4 and 3 years of vaccination campaigns are needed assuming a vaccination effectiveness of 65% with 50% and 90% of herd coverage respectevly.
The report underlines the need of monitoring a large number of herds to detect the disease promptly.
EFSA suggests to cover important research gaps about the transmission of disease, duration of protective immunity, influence of vectors, dignostic tests and epidemiological status of bordering countries.
The document can be dowloaded here: https://efsa.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.2903/j.efsa.2018.5452
Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an infectious disease of cattle characterised by eruption nodules on the skin and other parts of the body and that produces a chronic debility in infected cattle, provoking serious economic losses. The disease is present in enzootic in many African and Middle East countries, but is actually spreading quickly in the Mediterranean region, and already reached several Eastern European countries (Cyprus, Greece, Bulgaria, FYROM, Serbia and Albania).
On May 11-12th, a workshop was jointly organised by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the European Commission with the aim of strengthening the regional cooperation in south-eastern Europe and the Middle East for the prevention and control of LSD.
More than 40 experts from across the European Union and beyond attended the workshop. The participants reviewed the latest available information on LSD spread and discussed ways to increase awareness about its impact on animal health. Moreover, new strategies of cooperation to improve surveillance, prevention and control were discussed.
A report, containing the outcomes of the workshop, was released by the EFSA and is now available at http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/supporting/pub/1059e. It provides an overview of the latest available knowledge on epidemiology, diagnostic and control of lumpy skin disease.
Additional information can be found at http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/press/news/160707
ECIP met at Zoetermeer on 2/3 December 2013 to discuss progress on its work programme, and to learn of industry developments in the Netherlands. The visit was organised and hosted by the Dutch Dairy Board. The Group discussed opportunities under the first call of Horizon 2020, expected to be announced on 11 December 2013. A presentation on the Dutch Sustainable Dairy Chain initiative was given by LTO, followed by discussion on potential relevance to other dairy producing countries. On the final day, a visit was made to a pilot farm participating in the ‘Cows and Opportunities’ project, funded jointly by the Dutch Government and the dairy industry. Of particular interest, was the pilot work being undertaken on the development of novel housing and bedding systems for dairy cattle.
A working group of experts consisting of John Bailey (AFBI, Northern Ireland), Paul Withers (Bangor University, UK), Leon Sebek (Wageningen University, Netherlands), Leif Knudsen (Knowledge Centre for Agriculture, Denmark), Debbie Mc Connell (DairyCo, UK), and Wiebren van Stralen (LTO, Netherlands) met on 11/12 March 2014. The objective of the workshop was to identify mechanisms by which farmers can improve phosphorus efficiency in dairy farming systems, by assessing and evaluating current KT and R&D initiatives targeting P use efficiency. This also drew on the outputs from the recently completed EU Interreg project DairyMan. The group will be making recommendations to ECIP, and to other relevant fora, on improving the uptake of existing knowledge and information on phosphorus use efficiency by dairy farmers.